Deodar Cedar (cedrus deodara)
2 grams (approx 15 seeds) £1.25
5 grams (approx 38 seeds) £1.90
10 grams (approx 77 seeds) £2.95
25 grams (approx 192 seeds) £6.75
50 grams (approx 385 seeds) £12.95
100 grams (approx 770 seeds) £25.50
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It is a large tree reaching 40–50m (131–164 ft) tall, exceptionally 60 m (197 ft) with a trunk up to 3 m (10 ft) in diameter. It has a conic crown with level branches and drooping branchlets.
It is widely grown as an ornamental tree, often planted in parks and large gardens for its drooping foliage. General cultivation is limited to areas with generally mild winters, with trees frequently killed by temperatures below about −25 °C, limiting it to hardiness zones 7 and warmer for reliable growth. Trees grown from seed in the north western area of the species range in Kashmir can withstand temperatures down to about −30 °C
Thrives on most soils and is very tolerant of dry sites and drought conditions when it is established, also succeeds in very chalky soils. A tree of considerable versatility and succeeds in warm dry areas with less than 40cm of rain a year, and can do equally well in areas with cool summers and up to 200cm of annual rainfall.
A good specimen tree but needs space to reach full potential, veteran trees are thought to live for up to 600 years in the wild. New growth takes place from May to the end of September and can exceed 1 metre (approx 3 ft) per year, slowing down as the tree gets larger, cones break up in mid winter to release the seeds while still attached to the tree. Dislikes atmospheric pollution.
Deodar timber is in great demand as building material because of its durability, rot-resistant character and fine, close grain, which is capable of taking a high polish.
Germination, Sowing and After Care Information for
Deodar Cedar (cedrus deodara)
The seed should first be soaked in water at room temperature for 24 hours. The water should be then drained off and the seeds mixed with a little clean,damp sand or damp vermiculite and placed in a clear plastic bag (freezer bags are good!) at temperatures between 3-5 celsius (37-41 Fahrenheit) which is about the temperatures found in your fridge. Some variation in temperatures appears to be acceptable with some research indicating that temperatures of around 9 Celsius give optimum results. I have previously collected cones that have contained seed that has already begun to germinate, they have managed this even in the wide range of temperature fluctuations that are naturally found outdoors.
It is essential that the seeds are not waterlogged in the plastic bag or they may rot.
This pretreatment should last between 2-4 weeks to ensure a well synchronized germination of the highest percentage.
After 2 weeks, check the seed every few days for signs of germination. Gently remove germinated seeds from the bag and plant them in a small pot containing a good quality potting compost. At this stage you may sow all of the seed, even those that have not begun to germinate. Keep them at room temperature – around 20 Celsius. Once the seedlings appear above the compost give them plenty of light, but not full sun.
Cedar species in general are prone to fungal diseases (damping off) just after germination. You can use fungicide to prevent this. Keeping the compost only slightly damp and low frequency watering combined with good air circulation and low humidity will also help greatly.
Initial growth is quite slow with seedling reaching 3-5 cm in their first year. Rate of growth will accelerate in the second and subsequent years. Keep the seedlings well watered but never leave them in standing water.
Although these trees are very tolerant of cold temperatures,whilst they are growing in containers protect the roots from severe winter frost. Once they have developed to a large enough size, perhaps after 3 or 4 years plant them in their permanent position.