Nordmann Fir (abies nordmanniana)
5 grams (approx 69 seeds) £1.75
10 grams (approx 137 seeds) £3.25
25 grams (approx 342 seeds) £7.50
50 grams (approx 684 seeds) £12.50
100 grams (approx 1368 seeds) £23.50
250 grams (approx 3420 seeds) £52.00
500 grams (approx 6840 seeds) £95.00
1000 grams (approx 13680 seeds) £195.00
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It is a powerful, large growing forest tree attaining up to 60m (197 ft) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 2m (almost 7 ft). In the Western Caucasus Reserve in the Russian Federation close to the border with Georgia, some specimens have been reported to be 78m and even 85m (279 ft) tall and are thought to be the tallest trees in Europe.
It is one of the most important species grown for Christmas trees, being favoured for its attractive foliage, with needles that are not sharp, and do not drop readily when the tree dries out. Annually around 8-9 million Nordmann Fir Christmas trees are produced in Denmark.
It is also a popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, its dense formal shape, dependable dark green foliage and wide cultural adaptability make the Nordmann Fir a stately lawn specimen. Branches are densely clad with flattened, glossy dark green needles these have two white stomatal bands underneath. Specimen Trees grown in an open position are typically branched to the ground.
Trees establish and grow quickly when young (beyond the seedling stages) and soon settle into a pattern of growing 45-60cm (18-24 inches) per year Grows at its best in a good moist but not water-logged soil and can grow well in heavy clay soils. Prefers slightly acid conditions down to a pH of about 5, but it tolerates more alkaline conditions than many other members of the true fir family. Young trees are very shade tolerant but growth is very slow in dense shade. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution
Germination, Sowing and After Care Information for
Nordmann Fir (abies nordmanniana)
You can do this by first soaking the seeds in water for 24 hours. Fully drain away all of the water and place the seeds in a zip-lock freezer bag. Place the seeds in the fridge, it is important that during this period that the seeds do not dry out or are waterlogged otherwise the pre-treatment will be ineffective. After between 6 and 8 weeks under these conditions the seeds are ready to be sown. In general, the seeds will fail to germinate unless treated in this way, simply sowing untreated seeds in compost at room temperature will not break down the dormancy and germination will be disappointing.
Fill your chosen container with a good quality general potting compost. Suitable containers could be plant pots, seed trays or plug trays or even improvised containers with drainage holes. Firm the compost gently and sow the seeds on the surface. If you are sowing in plug trays, sow 2 or 3 seeds per cell. Cover the seeds with a couple of millimetres of vermiculite or failing that a fine layer of sieved compost. Follow with a gentle watering and keep them at room temperature.
Germination will begin a few weeks from sowing. The seedlings are reasonably robust and trouble free and usually grow to a height of between 2 and 5 cm in the first growing season depending on the sowing date and cultural techniques. Densely sown seedlings are at risk from fungal diseases such as “damping off” which can cause rapid loss of many seedlings.
Developing seedlings should be fine in full sun, keep them well watered and free of competing weeds. Growth will accelerate in the second and subsequent years and the developing young trees should be re-potted as necessary preferably during the dormant season. After perhaps 3 years they are ready to be planted in their permanent position